Category Archives: History

Series American couple in Iran: Audry’s cites on Persepolis: Ancient Persia, Modern Lessons

Although Persepolis is one of Iran’s top archeological and tourist sites, I was careful to keep my expectations in check before visiting. After all, what would remain of the 2,500 year-old capital of the Achaemenid Empire? Amidst crumbled columns, I found great detail that blew me away and a surprising connection to the present.

Gate of All Nations - Persepolis, Iran

Gate of All Nations – Persepolis, Iran

When I first entered Persepolis through the Gate of All Nations, I was struck by the scale of it all – the statues, the columns, the great stone. I tried to imagine the process of transporting the raw materials to this place, constructing the city and palace, and fashioning it all without the mechanical means we have today. […]

Persepolis eastern staircase leading to Apadana Palace, all 23 subject nations represented.

Persepolis eastern staircase leading to Apadana Palace, all 23 subject nations represented.

Like a camera lens, my eyes began to focus on stone-carved details — hair, faces, beards, hats, and clothes, gifts carried in hands. That you could still make out every curl in a beard, eyelash on a camel and softened skin of soldiers holding hands — 2,500 years later – struck me as truly spectacular. […]

And it went on like this, through the citizens of each member nation — Egyptians, Assyrians, Indians, Tajiks, and so on. Each was easily identifiable, their physical appearance and cultural trappings preserved in stone from 500 B.C. […]

It was the whole of these details that to me seemed to define the character of the Achaemenid Empire: a multi-ethnic ancient empire built on respecting – if not maintaining — the diversity of many cultures amidst a unifying loyalty to one king. […]

Persian and Median soldiers holding hands, leading the way to the king.

Persian and Median soldiers holding hands, leading the way to the king.

Cyrus the Great’s Human Rights Charter
While it was Darius the Great who built this palace at Persepolis, it was his father-in-law – Cyrus the Great – who attempted to set the foundation of mutual respect within the Achaemenid Empire. In his Babylon Cylinder (539 B.C.), Cyrus put forth some of the first recorded mentions of human rights, an expression of tolerance, and of religious, linguistic and racial equality across the empire.

History tells us that great civilizations have come and gone, risen and fallen, ascended and crumbled. The pity of the great Persian empire — 23 nations under one roof and the nascent echoes of human rights — was that a great man came and went well before his time. […]

Head over to: Uncornered Market – Travel and Life Adventure | Persepolis to see all photos, and read the whole text.

Advertisements

Iran’s 5200-year-old Shahr-e Sukhteh (Burnt City) joins UNESCO World Heritage List

The 5200-year-old Shahr-e Sukhteh (Burnt City) located in southeastern Iran was registered on UNESCO’s World Heritage List on Sunday. The site was registered with no opposing vote during the 38th session of the World Heritage Committee …

https://i0.wp.com/www.payvand.com/news/14/jun/Shahr-e-Sukhteh--Burnt-City-ruins-Iran-1-HR.jpg
Located 57 kilometers from the Iranian town of Zabol in Sistan-Baluchestan Province, the Burnt City was excavated for the first time by the Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente (IsIAO) team led by Maurizio Tosi in 1967. […]

After a 19-year hiatus, a team led by Professor Seyyed Mansur Sajjadi began studies on the Burnt City and conducted 22 seasons of excavations at the site.

A 10-centimeter ruler with an accuracy of half a millimeter, an artificial eyeball, an earthenware bowl bearing the world’s oldest example of animation and many other artifacts have been discovered among the ruins of the city in the course of the 22 seasons of archaeological excavations conducted by Iranian teams. […]

An archaeological team, which will be led by Sajjadi, is scheduled to reconstruct the ancient society of the Burnt City during the new excavation season this year in October.

Sixteen Iranian ancient and historical sites have previously been registered on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

https://i1.wp.com/www.payvand.com/news/14/jun/Shahr-e-Sukhteh--Burnt-City-ruins-Iran-14-HR.jpg

More photos: Payvand News of Iran

Tomb of famous poet Hafez I

 

Shiraz, Iran -Tomb of Hafez

Shiraz, Iran -Tomb of Hafez

Hafez was born in Shiraz, Iran. His parents were from Kazeroon (Fars Province).
Modern scholars generally agree that Hafez was born either in 1315 or 1317.

Today, he is the most popular poet in Iran. Libraries in many other nations other than Iran such as Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia contain his Diwan.[6]

Much later, the work of Hāfez would leave a mark on such Western writers as Thoreau, Goethe, and Ralph Waldo Emerson—the latter referring to him as “a poet’s poet.”[citation needed] His work was first translated into English in 1771 by William Jones.

There is no definitive version of his collected works (or Dīvān); editions vary from 573 to 994 poems. In Iran, and Afghanistan,[10] his collected works have come to be used as an aid to popular divination.

Twenty years after his death, a tomb (the Hafezieh) was erected to honor Hafez in the Musalla Gardens in Shiraz. The current Mausoleum was designed by André Godard, French archeologist and architect, in the late 1930s. Inside, Hafez’s alabaster tombstone bears two of his poems inscribed upon it.

Goethe fans will also know this:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West-%C3%B6stlicher_Diwan

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafez

Statues of 4 Iranian scientists, astronomer, physicist at the UN office in Vienna Austria

Photo: ‎در مقابل ساختمان سازمان ملل در کشور اتریش شهر وین ، تندیس چهار ستاره شناس پزشک و عالم بزرگ تاریخ را ساخته اند ...    1- ابو علی سینا( ابوعلی حسین بن عبدالله بن سینا، مشهور به ابوعلی سینا و ابن سینا و پور سینای بلخی (زادهٔ ۳۵۹ ه. ش در بخارا -درگذشتهٔ ۲ تیر ۴۱۶ در همدان، ۹۸۰-۱۰۳۷ میلادی) فیلسوف و دانشمند ایرانی ، نویسنده کتاب شفا یک دانشنامه علمی و فلسفی جامع است و القانون فی الطب یکی از معروف‌ترین آثار تاریخ پزشکی است    2- ابوریحان البیرونی ( ابوریحان محمد بن احمد بیرونی<br /><br /><br />  زادهٔ ۱۴ شهریور ۳۵۲، کاث، خوارزم -<br /><br /><br />  درگذشتهٔ ۲۲ آذر ۴۲۷، غزنین) ، دانشمند بزرگ و ریاضی‌دان، ستاره‌شناس، تقویم‌شناس، انسان‌شناس، هندشناس و تاریخ‌نگار بزرگ ایرانی در سده چهارم و پنجم هجری است. بیرونی را بزرگ‌ترین دانشمند مسلمان و یکی از بزرگ‌ترین دانشمندان ایرانی و همه اعصار می‌دانند. همین‌طور او را پدر علم انسان‌شناسی و هندشناسی می‌دانند.    3- حکیم خیام نیشاپوری (نام کامل: غیاث‌الدین ابوالفتح عُمَر بن ابراهیم خیام نیشابوری - زادهٔ ۲۸ اردیبهشت ۴۲۷ خورشیدی در نیشابور - درگذشته ۱۲ آذر ۵۱۰ خورشیدی در نیشابور) فیلسوف،<br /><br /><br />  ریاضی‌دان، ستاره‌شناس و رباعی سرای ایرانی<br /><br /><br />  در دورهٔ سلجوقی    4- زکریای رازی ( ابوبکر محمّد زَکَریای رازی ۲۵۱ ه.ق. – ۳۱۳ ه.ق.) پزشک، فیلسوف و شیمی‌دان ایرانی که آثار ماندگاری در زمینهٔ پزشکی و شیمی و فلسفه نوشته است و به‌عنوان کاشف الکل و جوهر گوگرد (اسید سولفوریک) مشهور است.    اين چهار دانشمند در زير چهار طاقی بزرگ ايران تربيت يافتند و دانش خويش را به چهار سوی جهان پراکنده اند، که يادآور مشارکت مردم ايران در دانش و علوم نوع بشر می باشد. جالب است بدانید معماری این طاق همانطور که مشاهده می شود همانند معماری پارسه بنا شده است.‎
Statues of 4 Iranian Scientists,Astronomer,Physisian opposit the Building of UN office in Wien Austria
 
Ibn Sina, Avicenna, was a Persian who wrote almost 450 works on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived. In particular, 150 of his surviving works concentrate on philosophy and 40 of them concentrate on medicine. His most famous works are The Book of Healing, a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and The Canon of Medicine,[8] which was a standard medical text at many medieval universities.

 

Abu reyhan Biruni,
(born 4/5 September 973 in Kath, Khwarezm,] died 13 December 1048 in Ghazni)was a PersianKhwarezmian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region.Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences

Umar Khayyam Nishaburi,
(18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131; Persian‎,  was a Persian polymath, philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music

Muhammad ibn Zakariyā Rāzī(Persian(854 CE – 925 CE), was a Persian,polymath, physician, alchemist and chemist, philosopher and important figure in the history of medicine and as the discoverer of alcohol and vitriol (sulfuric acid) is well known.[

Ref. Wikipedia

Ararat Armenian Sports Club and it’s stars

The Vanak neighborhood of central Tehran is home to a high concentration of Armenians; half of the approximately 80,000 Armenians in Iran live in Tehran, and most of those Tehrani Armenians live within Vanak and its orbit. […]

The Ararat Armenian Sports Club predates the Revolution and predates Reza Shah Pahlavi. […] The Sports Club is home to FC Ararat Tehran, a borderline-defunct soccer club that produced two heroes of Iranians, Armenians, and of course Armenian-Iranians. Andranik Eskandarian played for two years at Ararat before moving onto Taj (now Esteghlal due to yet another Revolution-necessitated makeover) as a stalwart defender. His national teams won the 1968, ‘72, and ‘76 and went to the country’s first World Cup in 1978. Andranik would later move to the United States to play for a legendary New York Cosmos side. A generation later, Andranik Teymourian would play youth ball for Ararat before moving on to Bolton in the English Premier League.

Teymourian collapes after Iran’s game against AngolaOne of the most iconic images from the 2006 World Cup

Someone like Teymourian can be a hero for Iranians of all religions without a hint of conflict.

The situation of Armenians (and other Christians) in Iran is of course far more normal than prevailing Western discourse may have an outside observer understand. Armenians have different treatment from most Iranians, with special privileges to consume pork, alcohol, and having Sundays off work that Muslims do not enjoy. But they are still effusively Iranian. Surp Khatch, for example, was built in part to memorialize the thousands of Armenian service members killed in the Iran-Iraq War. When Teymourian crosses himself before a match, his countrymen cheer this act as the mark of a pious Iranian. […]

Unfortunately, these days Ararat FC is far from its glory days. The team last competed in Iran’s top league in the 1995-1996 season.

Source: Ajam Media Collective (ajammc.com)

Iranian players handed white roses (a symbol of peace in Iran) to the US players prior to soccer match

All must read USA – Iran posts: The other Iran | Tag | USA

The game was an exceptionally fair game and both teams received the 1998 World Cup FIFA Fair Play Award “for the two countries’ good sportsmanship surrounding the World Cup match between their teams, despite their mutual political tensions for nearly 20 years.”

Below more photos from the match and the episode “Breaking Barriers: USA vs. Iran, 1998” from Fox Sports’ “Rise as One Series”:

Ancient Iran in The British Museum

http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/galleries/middle_east/room_52_ancient_iran.aspx

“Iran was a major centre of ancient culture. It was rich in valuable natural resources, especially metals, and played an important role in the development of ancient Middle Eastern civilisation and trade. Room 52 highlights these ancient interconnections and the rise of distinctive local cultures, such as in Luristan, during the age of migrations after about 1400 BC.”

ps295640_m ps207493_m